Storm Brewing for Long DurationMethod J consists of “whole world” simulations, but with accurate “real world” forces “incorrectly” applied. The space of the world is two-dimensional, and corresponds to the extents of the paper. These are not snapshots: the entire duration of each world’s existence is here in the drawings. Gravity exists as a universal downward force in these worlds, but the force is variable, not constant. Although the behavior of particles is labeled to correspond to phenomena in our world, scalar distinctions are short-circuited. Flaws are built in. Atoms are bound by springs, for example. Time is measured algorithmically in steps, and materially through the gradual deterioration of ink.